There is one interface Request that represents an HTTP request. There are a few implementations of the interface, and the most popular and easy to use is JdkRequest. It makes a request using native JDK class java.net.HttpURLConnection.
First, make an instance of JdkRequest, providing target URI as the first and the only constructor argument (String, URI, and URL types are accepted):
Request request = new JdkRequest("http://my.example.com");
The object is ready to make an HTTP request using the URI provided, GET HTTP method, no custom HTTP headers and no request body. To fire an HTTP request and obtain a response use method fetch():
Response response = request.fetch(); int status = response.status(); String body = response.body();
Request is a trully immutable class, which means that you can't change any of its properties. However, you can create new requests. For example, you want to make a similar request, but with a POST HTTP method:
Request post = request.method(Request.POST); post.fetch();
This is a bigger example of Request usage:
Response response = new JdkRequest("http://my.example.com") .uri().path("/users").queryParam("id", "456").back() .method(Request.POST) .body() .formParam("salary", "55000") .formParam("department", "IT") .back() .header("Content-Type", "application/json") .header("User-Agent", "My Custom App") .fetch();
This code will make a POST HTTP request to http://my.example.com/users?id=456. Request body will be set to salary=55000&department=IT. There will be two HTTP headers in the request: Content-Type and User-Agent.
Response has a few methods that return its data, including status(), reason(), headers(), body(), and binary(). Besides that, there is a method as(Class), which allows you to wrap an existing response with a new custom decorator, that implements more methods, suitable for a particular use case.
The simpliest decorator is RestResponse. It helps you to make assertions on the response and follow redirects, for example:
String page = new JdkRequest("http://my.example.com") .fetch() .as(RestResponse.class) .assertStatus(301) // AssertionError if status is not equal to 301 .follow() // new request, pointing to the URL from Location header .fetch() .as(RestResponse.class) .assertStatus(200) .body();
RestResponse also helps you to retrieve cookies from a response:
String cookie = new JdkRequest("http://my.example.com") .fetch() .as(RestResponse.class) .cookie("SessionId");